Supersonic Jazz

by Sun Ra & His Arkestra

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1.
India 04:49
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Super Blonde 02:35
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Soft Talk 02:41
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about

Recorded in 1956, but released in 1957, Supersonic Jazz is arguably the first long-playing album by Sun Ra and His Arkestra on his Saturn label. However, it was not recorded as a debut. Rather, the album was assembled from tapes recorded during a number of sessions at two Chicago studios (RCA Victor and Balkan), and several tracks had been released as singles before their inclusion on this album. (Sunny's first fully realized commercial album was 1957's Jazz by Sun Ra, produced by Tom Wilson for the soon-defunct Transition label.)

Before these sessions, Sunny was still arranging for the Red Saunders Orchestra and singer Joe Williams, in addition to arranging for and coaching doo-wop ensembles. As Sunny's ambitions achieved liftoff, the Arkestra coalesced, began building a repertoire (mostly of the leader's originals), and made forays into studios. Deciding it was time for commercial releases, Sunny and business partner Alton Abraham launched Saturn (sometimes called El Saturn) as a record company in 1956.

As a first offering, Supersonic Jazz is a pinnacle Sun Ra release. While reflecting many prevailing bebop, Latin, and R&B conventions of the mid-1950s, it's evident that Sun Ra's musical voice and vision were starting to propel him away from the jazz mainstream. Biographer John Szwed finds on these recordings "characteristics which seemed alien to swing, bebop, or the new, more soulful and hard-edged music which was coming to be called hard bop."

"India," "Sunology," and "Portrait Of The Living Sky" delve into the mystic rhythms of an ancient Egyptian style. Jim Herndon and his tympani add a unique flair to the arrangements alongside other Arkestra members doubling on percussion. There are, in fact, a number of flavors on the album that seek an East-meets-West fusion, a virtual "Ancient Exotica."

Some titles such as "Portrait of the Living Sky" and "Kingdom of Not" appear on Supersonic Jazz and nowhere else; they do not recur in the massive Ra discography of studio, club, and concert recordings.

"Advice To Medics," which sounds like a living room recording, was captured during a 1957 rehearsal with vocalist Clyde Williams (who is not heard on the track). Some Ra scholars have speculated that the recording was reproduced at the wrong speed—recorded at 3¾ IPS, but played back at 7½ IPS. "Blues At Midnight," the first recorded rendition of this timeless Ra standard (a longer version appears on Jazz in Silhouette) allows the band, who were the cream of Chicago’s bebop stalwarts, a chance to stretch out.

– I.C.

credits

released April 3, 2014

2014, Enterplanetary Koncepts
All tracks produced by Sun Ra
Recorded at Balkan Studio and RCA Studios, Chicago, 1956

PERSONNEL:
Sun Ra (piano, electric piano, Wurlitzer, Space Gong, percussion)
John Gilmore (tenor sax and/or percussion 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12)
Pat Patrick (alto & baritone sax and/or percussion 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12)
Arthur Hoyle (trumpet 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12)
Charles Davis (baritone sax 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10)
Julian Priester (trombone 4, 5, 12)
James Scales (alto sax 4, 5, 11, 12)
Ronnie Boykins (bass 1, 2, 6, 7)
Victor Sproles (bass 8, 9, 10)
Wilburn Green (electric bass 4, 5, 11, 12)
William Cochran (drums 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9,10)
Robert Barry (drums 4, 5, 11, 12)
Jim Herndon (a.k.a. Hernden) (tympani and timbali)

All titles composed by Sun Ra © Enterplanetary Koncepts (BMI), except "Soft Talk" by Julian Priester © Second Floor Music (BMI)

Tape transfers by Michael D. Anderson of the Sun Ra Music Archive
Digital restoration by Michael D. Anderson and Irwin Chusid

Issued under license from Sun Ra LLC

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Sun Ra New York, New York

A Helpful Guide to the Many Sun Ra Albums on Bandcamp: daily.bandcamp.com/2017/10/13/sun-ra-album-guide
The foremost figure in musical Afro-futurism and space-jazz. Keyboardist, composer, Arkestra leader, arranger, philosopher-jester, fashion icon, cosmic guide. Born Herman Blount in Alabama, 1914, left the planet in 1993, giving Earthlings a monumental catalog of recordings that transcend genre. ... more

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