On Jupiter

by Sun Ra and his Arkestra

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about

Sun Ra, as well as anyone, proved that an artist could change with the times without being a dedicated follower of fashion. In fact, Ra and his music never stopped evolving. A series of albums recorded from 1978 to 1980—Lanquidity, On Jupiter, Sleeping Beauty, and Strange Celestial Road—demonstrate the influence on Ra of musical and production trends of the mid- and late-1970s, especially heavy, studio-enhanced dance floor grooves (traceable from soul and funk to disco), and atmospheric New Age "dream" pieces. But Ra never fully surrendered to these trends; it's arguable that he even embraced them. He adapted techniques, but what he created amounted more to reinventions than "File Under" genre works.

Rodger Coleman, writing in 2008 at his Sun Ra Sundays blog about the albums On Jupiter and Sleeping Beauty, said: "These two 1979 Saturn sessions present Sun Ra at his most accessible — groovy, dreamy, spacey, and suitably cosmic while reigning in the full-blown freakouts that can make Sun Ra’s music difficult for some .... That is not to say that these are lesser albums. Quite the contrary! This is simply beautiful music! Essential!"

They are also, quite often, very danceable, and not without "full-blown freakouts," as evidenced on "I'll Wait for You" from Strange Celestial Road (which originated at the Sleeping Beauty sessions).

ON JUPITER, issued on Sun Ra's Saturn label (cat #101679), was comprised of three tracks from two sessions at NYC's Variety Recording Studio, one in mid- to late-May 1979, the other on October 16, 1979.

Typical of Ra during the '70s and '80s, he didn't waste time dallying between recording and commercial release. Ra was incapable of artistically selling out, but that didn't prevent him from redefining the phrase "making a quick buck." During this period, LPs were pressed based on immediate economic need—and often timed to coincide with tours which required an immediate cash infusion. These albums would be pressed in limited quantities without printed covers, with minimal or no information on the labels, absent personnel credits, and often without track and album titles. Sometimes covers were hand-designed by the band (this digital release's "cover" was one such artifact, sans typography).

Many of these small press runs—which were estimated to number from 100 to 300—were sold for cash to Rounder Distribution, with copies set aside for the band to sell at concerts and club gigs. Glenn Jones, who coordinated Ra's distribution deal with Rounder, would solicit from Ra—and, if the artist wasn't available, occasionally have to speculate about—album and track titles. This info would be Xeroxed on rectangular sheets of colored paper and taped to the back of the outer cardboard sleeve. Copies which did not circulate through Rounder might not have these sheets; consequently, Saturn albums from this period were often known by two (or even three) different titles, depending on what was scribbled on the label of a particular customer's copy. The album On Jupiter has occasionally been called Seductive Fantasy. Both titles appear on the album, the former as track 1 on side A, and the latter as the entirety of side B.

As chronicled in The Earthly Recordings of Sun Ra (2nd ed., 2000), by Robert L. Campbell and Christopher Trent: "[Drummer] Samarai Celestial pointed out that 'UFO' was recorded before he joined the band in July 1979, whereas [tracks 1 and 3] came from a later session. Personnel from [Hartmut] Geerken’s discography with corrections by Samarai and [Campbell]."

A bonus track is included on this digital edition: an early, wordless live rendition of "UFO" performed and recorded on Halloween, 1978, at Grendel's Lair, a Philadelphia club that occasionally hosted Ra and his entourage. The work was found on a tape by Michael D. Anderson of the Sun Ra Music Archive. By the time the title was recorded at Variety during the On Jupiter session, lyrics existed and had already been modified. According to Earthly Recordings, the work was performed on May 5, 1979, at the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival, and "the vocal on that version was somewhat different from the vocal on [the] studio recording and subsequent concert performances." According to the book, Ra "told a member of the audience that he had 'prepared a practice piece' for the [concert]. The only previously unperformed piece [heard on an existing tape of the concert] was 'UFO'." However, based on the Grendel's Lair tape (which was unknown at the time Earthly Recordings was published), we now know that "UFO" had, in fact, been previously performed, albeit sans lyrics.

— I.C.

Note: On Jupiter has long been available from Art Yard, whose license terminated at the end of 2020. Our 2021 edition is a new remastering from alternate sources. The bonus track and the above annotation are new to this reissue.

credits

released January 1, 2021

2021, Enterplanetary Koncepts
All tracks produced by Sun Ra
Tracks 1–3 recorded at Variety Studios, NYC, May 1979 (UFO) and October 16, 1979 (On Jupiter and Seductive Fantasy)
Track 4 recorded live at Grendel's Lair, Philadelphia, Oct. 31, 1978

PERSONNEL (tracks 1–3)
Sun Ra: piano, organ
Eddie Gale: trumpet
Michael Ray: trumpet
Marshall Allen: alto sax, flute, oboe, percussion
John Gilmore: tenor sax, percussion
poss. Julian Pressley: baritone sax
Danny Ray Thompson: baritone sax, flute
Julian Pressley (poss.): baritone sax
James Jacson: bassoon, flute, Infinity-drum
Skeeter McFarland: electric guitar
Taylor Richardson: electric guitar
Steve Clarke: electric bass (2)
Richard Williams: bass (1, 3)
Reg McDonald: drums (2)
Samarai Celestial [Eric Walker]: drums (1, 3)
Atakatune: conga, percussion
June Tyson: vocals (1, 2)
Ensemble: vocals (1, 2)

PERSONNEL (track 4)
Sun Ra: organ
Michael Ray: trumpet
Walter Miller: trumpet
Eddie Gale: trumpet
Marshall Allen: alto sax
Danny Davis: alto sax
John Gilmore: tenor sax
Danny Ray Thompson: baritone sax
James Jacson: bassoon, Infinity-drum
Eloe Omoe: alto sax, contra-alto sax, clarinet
Vincent Chancey: French horn
Craig Harris: trombone
Tony Bethel: trombone
Dale Williams: electric guitar
Steve Clarke: electric guitar
Oscar Brown III: bass
Luqman Ali: drums
Atakatune: conga
Michael D. Anderson: percussion
Eddie Thomas: percussion

Digital restoration by Irwin Chusid
Tracks sourced from vinyl and tape
Disc transfer by Timothy Stollenwerk, Saturn LP courtesy Craig Koon
Tape transfers by Michael D. Anderson, Sun Ra Music Archive
Cover design by IC adapted from an original hand-designed Saturn sleeve from the collection of Chris Reisman
Thanks to Peter Dennett/Art Yard and Peter Beckmann
Thanks for Christopher Trent for identifying personnel on track 4

"On Jupiter" and "Seductive Fantasy" composed by Sun Ra
"UFO" composed by Sun Ra, Steve Clarke, and Taylor Richardson
All titles © Enterplanetary Koncepts (BMI)

Issued under license from Sun Ra LLC

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Sun Ra New York, New York

A Helpful Guide to the Many Sun Ra Albums on Bandcamp: daily.bandcamp.com/2017/10/13/sun-ra-album-guide
The foremost figure in musical Afro-futurism and space-jazz. Keyboardist, composer, Arkestra leader, arranger, philosopher-jester, fashion icon, cosmic guide. Born Herman Blount in Alabama, 1914, left the planet in 1993, giving Earthlings a monumental catalog of recordings that transcend genre. ... more

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